login    password    artist  buyer  gallery  
Not a member? Register
absolutearts.com logo HOME SIGNUP BUY ART SELL ART SEARCH DESIGNERS ART NEWS SHOPPING
 

  help   |  media kit   |  about us   |  services   |  contact   NEWEST TRENDS                                              .   BUY   .   JOIN   .   COLLECT   .   RESEARCH   .   READ  .   DISCUSS  


 
Art History: Barbizon School: (1830 - 1870)

The Barbizon School of French landscape painting derived its named from Barbizon village in northern France, where most of the school’s painters resided. This group of men lead by Theodore Rousseau rejected the classical landscape style and insisted upon direct study from nature. The leaders of the Barbizon school were Georges Michel, Theodore Rousseau, Jean-Francois Miller, and Corot. Considered part of French Realism, the movement was inspired by Constable who advocated making landscape painting a true rendering of nature.

The Barbizon school rejected the Academic tradition and theory in hopes of making a more accurate representation of the countryside. They were devoted to depicting the working class in their paintings, showing the lives of farmers, gravediggers, woodsmen, poachers, and other workers. Their paintings glorified the hard work and lives of their subjects. Some artists chose the subject for social and political reasons, while other simply admired the beauty of their subject. Most Barbizon School painters were rejected from the Paris Salons of their time and therefore were revolting against industrial society in their work. Courbet wished to fight for social justice. However, Millet did not wish to stir revolution but was mainly interested in the land and those who live in the countryside.

The members of the Barbizon school were influenced by 17th century Dutch landscapists including Ruisdael, Cuyp, and Hobbema. Barbizon School paintings were popular with late 19th and early 20th century American collectors and also influenced the American painters of this period. The Barbizon School was also influential in the development of Impressionism.

Artists: (biography & artworks)

Corot, Jean-Baptiste-Camille - 1796 - 1875
Daubigny, Charles-Francois - 1817 - 1878
Diaz de la Pena, Narcisse-Virgile - 1807 - 1876
Harpignies, Henri-Joseph - 1819 - 1916
Millet, Jean-Francois - 1814 - 1875
Rousseau, Theodore - 1812 - 1867
Spitzweg, Carl - 1808 - 1885
Troyon, Constant - 1810 - 1865
Corot, Jean-Baptiste-Camille - 1796 - 1875
Daubigny, Charles-Francois - 1817 - 1878
Diaz de la Pena, Narcisse-Virgile - 1807 - 1876
Harpignies, Henri-Joseph - 1819 - 1916
Millet, Jean-Francois - 1814 - 1875
Rousseau, Theodore - 1812 - 1867
Spitzweg, Carl - 1808 - 1885
Troyon, Constant - 1810 - 1865

 

Search the Art History Database for artists, titles, media, year, and other indepth information:

 
   

Last updated and verified on: Tue 22 Sep 2009 11:29:17 AM EDT

 

 

indepth arts search:     
 
Free Arts News Subscription | Browse the Arts | Artist Portfolios | International Arts News | Arts News Archive | Privacy Policy