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Art History: Expressionism: (1905 - 1945)

Originating in Germany, Expressionism encompasses all art in which the artist is free to move beyond the limitations of objective subject matter and to concentrate on the feeling and impact derived from the artistís inspiration. Expressionist sought to reveal inner, spiritual and emotional foundations of human existence, rather than the external, surface appearances depicted by the Impressionists. The Expressionist movement took inspiration from Symbolism, Fauvism, and Cubism in its departure from accurate subject matter. Expressionism found its roots in two groups of German painters, Die Bruecke and Der Blaue Reiter.

Die Bruecke, meaning "the Bridge" was centered in Dresden and included artists Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Erich Heckel, Emil Nolde, Max Pechstein, Otto Mueller, and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. The group held formation from 1905 to 1913. The group set up their studios in a working-class neighborhood on the edge of Dresdenís boundaries. Their isolation led to their shared stylistic and thematic development. Die Bruckeís art was typically violent and emotional in its imagery. They favored themes that explored the relationship difference between city and country. Finding some of their inspiration from the art of tribal cultures in Africa and the South Seas, Die Brucke favored distorted lines and enhanced forms, vibrant color, and flattened perspective. They rejected conventional gallery procedures and organized a series of traveling exhibitions in order to present their work to the public. The group fell apart due to artistic differences and the onset of World War I. Following their break up, the groupís successors called themselves the Dresdner Sezession.

The other German Expressionist group, Der Blaue Reiter, meaning The Blue Rider, began in Munich in 1911 and lasted until 1913. Der Blaue Reiter took its name from a painting by Kandinsky title "Le cavalier bleu." The group was united more by their common goal of portraying spirituality rather than stylistic similarities. Der Blaue Reiter opened the doors fro abstraction because of its ideas of experimentation and originality. Artists involved were Franz Marc, August Macke, Gabriele Munter, Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, and Alexei Yavlensky among others.

Artists: (biography & artworks)

Appel, Karel - 1921 -
Baldung Grien, Hans - 1484 - 1545
Barlach, Ernst - 1870 - 1938
Beckmann, Max - 1884 - 1950
Bourdelle, Emile-Antoine - 1861 - 1929
Dix, Otto - 1891 - 1969
Dobell, William - 1899 - 1970
Epstein, Sir Jacob - 1880 - 1959
Foujita, Tsugoharu - 1886 - 1968
Grosz, George - 1893 - 1959
Guttuso, Renato - 1912 - 1987
Hartley, Marsden - 1877 - 1943
Heckel, Erich - 1883 - 1970
Kandinsky, Wassily - 1866 - 1944
Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig - 1880 - 1938
Klee, Paul - 1879 - 1940
Kokoschka, Oskar - 1886 - 1980
Kubin, Alfred - 1877 - 1959
Lehmbruck, Wilhelm - 1881 - 1919
Macke, August - 1887 - 1914
Marc, Franz - 1880 - 1916
Mestrovic, Ivan - 1883 - 1962
Modersohn-Becker, Paula - 1876 - 1907
Nolde, Emil - 1867 - 1956
Orozco, Jose Clemente - 1883 - 1949
Pascin, Jules - 1885 - 1930
Pechstein, Max - 1881 - 1955
Permeke, Constant - 1886 - 1952
Rohlfs, Christian - 1849 - 1938
Rouault, Georges - 1871 - 1958
Ryder, Albert Pinkham - 1847 - 1917
Sallinen, Tyko Konstantin - 1879 - 1955
Schiele, Egon - 1890 - 1918
Schmidt-Rottluff, Karl - 1884 - 1976
Scipione, - 1904 - 1933
Soutine, Chaim - 1893 - 1943
Yeats, Jack Butler - 1871 - 1957
Zorach, Marguerite - 1887 - 1968
Appel, Karel - 1921 -
Baldung Grien, Hans - 1484 - 1545
Barlach, Ernst - 1870 - 1938
Beckmann, Max - 1884 - 1950
Bourdelle, Emile-Antoine - 1861 - 1929
Dix, Otto - 1891 - 1969
Dobell, William - 1899 - 1970
Epstein, Sir Jacob - 1880 - 1959
Foujita, Tsugoharu - 1886 - 1968
Grosz, George - 1893 - 1959
Guttuso, Renato - 1912 - 1987
Hartley, Marsden - 1877 - 1943
Heckel, Erich - 1883 - 1970
Kandinsky, Wassily - 1866 - 1944
Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig - 1880 - 1938
Klee, Paul - 1879 - 1940
Kokoschka, Oskar - 1886 - 1980
Kubin, Alfred - 1877 - 1959
Lehmbruck, Wilhelm - 1881 - 1919
Macke, August - 1887 - 1914
Marc, Franz - 1880 - 1916
Mestrovic, Ivan - 1883 - 1962
Modersohn-Becker, Paula - 1876 - 1907
Nolde, Emil - 1867 - 1956
Orozco, Jose Clemente - 1883 - 1949
Pascin, Jules - 1885 - 1930
Pechstein, Max - 1881 - 1955
Permeke, Constant - 1886 - 1952
Rohlfs, Christian - 1849 - 1938
Rouault, Georges - 1871 - 1958
Ryder, Albert Pinkham - 1847 - 1917
Sallinen, Tyko Konstantin - 1879 - 1955
Schiele, Egon - 1890 - 1918
Schmidt-Rottluff, Karl - 1884 - 1976
Scipione, - 1904 - 1933
Soutine, Chaim - 1893 - 1943
Yeats, Jack Butler - 1871 - 1957
Zorach, Marguerite - 1887 - 1968

 

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Last updated and verified on: Tue 22 Sep 2009 11:29:17 AM EDT

 

 

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